Below are the current Leghorn Standard accepted by the Leghorn Club of Australia Inc. as printed in the Australian Poultry Standards, Edition 2.
ORIGIN – MEDITERRANEAN
CLASSICATION – LIGHT BREED SOFT FEATHER EGG COLOUR – WHITE
The Leghorn breed originated in Italy and was named after the Tuscan port of Livorno (in English, Leghorn) from where the first specimens were shipped to America in the mid 1800’s and, around the beginning of the 20th century, the Leghorn was the most popular laying breed in Australia, winning many egg-laying competitions.
As a popular breed of exhibition poultry, Leghorns are bred in a wide variety of beautiful colours in both large and bantam. Leghorns often feature as winners of major awards at shows. The Leghorn Club of Australia, founded in 1947, actively supports and promotes the breed and has members throughout Australia.
CARRIAGE- Very sprightly and alert but without any suggestion of stiltiness or in-kneed appearance. Well balanced.
TYPE-BODY: Wide at the shoulders, narrowing slightly to root of tail. BACK: Long and flat, sloping slightly to the tail. BREAST: Round, full and prominent, carried well forward. Breast bone: Long and straight. WINGS: large, tightly carried and well tucked up. TAIL: moderately full and carried at an angle of 45 degrees from the line of the back, full, sweeping sickles.
HEAD: Well balanced, with fine skull. BEAK: Short and stout, the point, clear of the front of the comb. COMB: Single or rose. The single of fine texture, straight and erect, moderately large but not overgrown, coarse or beefy. Deeply and evenly serrated (the spikes broad at their base), extending well beyond the back of the head and following, without touching, the line of the head, free from “thumb marks”, side sprigs or twist at the back. The rose moderately large, firm and not overgrown so as to obstruct the sight, the leader extending straight out behind without touching the line of the head, the top covered with small coral-like points of even height and free from hollows. FACE: Smooth, fine in texture and free from wrinkles or folds. EAR LOBES: Well developed and pendant, equally matched in size and shape, smooth, open and free of folds, and distinct from the face. WATTLES: Long, thin and fine in texture.
NECK – Long, profusely covered with hackle feathers and carried upright.
PLUMAGE – Of silky texture, free from woolliness or excessive feather.
HANDLING – Firm with abundance of muscle.
LEGS AND FEET – LEGS moderately long. SHANKS: Fine and round, flat shins objectionable and free of feathers. Ample width between legs. TOES: Four, long, straight and well spread, the back toe straight out at rear. SCALES: Small and close-fitting.
With the exception of the single comb rising from a firm base, and falling gracefully over either side of the face without obstructing the sight, and the tail which is carried closely and not at such a high angle, the general characteristics are similar to those of the male, allowing for the natural sexual differences. Spurs not desirable but not a disqualification.
BLACK – Male and Female Plumage: Rich green-black or Blue-black (green-black preferred) and completely free from any other colour.
BLUE – Male and female Plumage : Even shade of medium blue from head to tail, free from lacing, a dark tint allowed in the hackles of the male, but no black, “sand” or any colour other than blue, the more even the better and sound to the skin.
MALE PLUMAGE: Head and hackle: rich orange-red shading off, striped with blue, crimson at the front of the hackles below the wattles. Back, shoulder coverts and wing bows: deep crimson or maroon. Wing coverts: blue forming a broad bar across the wings. Primaries: brown. Secondaries: deep bay on outer web (all that appears when the wing is closed) and blue on the inner web. Saddle: rich orange-red, to match neck hackles as nearly as possible. Breast and underparts: blue, quiet free from lacing or brown splashes. Tail: blue. Tail coverts blue edged with brown.
FEMALE PLUMAGE: Hackle: soft golden-yellow, lightly striped with blue. Breast: salmon running into dark salmon around the head and wattles, shading to blue-grey at the thighs. Body colour: soft brown, very closely and evenly pencilled with blue, the feathers as free as possible from light shafts and the wings free from any red or rusty tinge. Tail: blue, outer feathers pencilled with brown.
MALE PLUMAGE: Head and hackle: rich orange-red shading off, striped with black, crimson at the front of the hackles below the wattles. Back, shoulder converts and wing bows: deep crimson or maroon. Wing coverts: blue, forming a broad bar across the wings. Primaries: black. Secondaries: deep bay on the outer web (all that appears when the wing is closed) and black on the inner web. Saddle: rich orange-red to match the neck hackle as nearly as possible. Breast and underparts: glossy black, quiet free from brown splashes. Tail: black with green sheen, any white in tail is very objectionable. Fluff at base of tail: Grey. Tail coverts: Black edged with brown.
FEMALE PLUMAGE: Hackle: Soft golden-yellow, lightly striped with black or grey. Breast: Salmon running into dark salmon around the head and wattles, shading to ash-grey at the thighs. Body colour: Soft brown, very closely and evenly pencilled with black or grey, the feathers as free as possible from light shafts and the wings free from any red or rusty tinge. Tail: Dark brown, outer feathers pencilled with brown.
MALE AND FEMALE PLUMAGE: Any shade of buff, from lemon to dark, at the one extreme avoiding washiness and at the other a red tinge, the colour to be perfectly uniformed and sound to the skin, allowing for greater lustre on the hackle feathers and the wing bow of the male.
MALE AND FEMALE PLUMAGE: Light blue or grey ground, each feather barred across with bands of dark blue or grey, marking to be indistinct but uniform. The barring to shade into the ground colour, not cleanly cut but sharp enough to keep the two colours distinct and sound to the skin.
GOLDEN DUCKWING :
Male Plumage: Neck hackle: light yellow or straw, a few shades deeper at the front below the wattles, the longer feathers striped with black. Back: deep rich gold. Saddle and saddle hackle: deep gold shading in hackle to pale gold. Shoulder coverts and wing bows: Bright gold or orange, solid in colour (an admixture of light feathers is objectionable). Wing bar: Metallic blue (blue-violet), sharp, cleanly cut and not too broad. Primaries: Black with white edging to outer web. Secondaries: white outer web (forming a white wing bay when the wing is closed), black inner web and end of feather. Breast: Black with green luster. Tail: Black, rich glossed with green, grey fluff at the base.
Female Plumage: Head: Grey (a brown cap is objectionable). Hackle: White, each feather striped with black or dark grey (a light tinge of yellow in the ground colour is permissible). Breast and under colour: Bright salmon-red (this point important), darker on the throat and shading off to ash-grey or fawn on the underparts. Back, wings, sides, and saddle: Dark grey, finely penciled with darker grey or black. Tail: Grey, slightly darker than the body colour, inside feathers dull black or dark grey.
Male Plumage: Neck hackles, back and saddle hackles: Silver-white, the longer feathers of the neck striped with black. Shoulder coverts and wing bow: Silver-white (any admixture of red or rusty feathers objectionable). Wing bars, primaries, secondaries, breast, and tail: As for the Golden Duckwing.
Female Plumage: Head: Silver-white. Hackle: Silver-white striped with black or dark grey. Breast and underparts: Light salmon or fawn, darker on throat and shaded off to ash-grey on underparts. Back, wings, sides and saddle: Clear delicate silver-grey or French-grey, without any shade of red or brown, finely penciled with dark grey or black (purity of colour very important). Tail: Grey, slightly darker than the body colour, with the inside feathers dull black or dark grey.
Male and Female Plumage: Black and white evenly distributed with some white in under-colour, the white of the surface colour in the form of a large blob as distinct from a V-shaped ticking. Wings and tail to appear black and white evenly distributed.
Male and Female Plumage: Black with white tips to each feather, the tips as evenly distributed as possible. Black to predominate and to have a rich green sheen.
Male and Female Plumage: As for Partridge Wyandotte.
Male Plumage: Neck hackle: Bright orange. Back and saddle: Rich maroon. Saddle hackle shading off to orange. Shoulders and wing bows: Dark red. Secondaries: Outer web dark chestnut (all that appears when the wing is closed), white inner web. Remainder white.
Female Plumage: Head gold. Neck hackle: White edged with gold. Breast: Deep salmon-red shading into white thighs. Remainder white.
Male and Female Plumage: Pure white throughout all sections, free from straw tinge.
ANY OTHER RECOGNISED COLOUR : The colour descriptions for any other colour varieties of Leghorns are to be in accordance with the colour descriptions for the same recognised colour varieties within the Old English, Rhode Island and Wyandotte breeds.
IN BOTH SEXES OF ALL VARIETIES: Beak: Yellow or horn. Eyes: Red. Comb, face and wattles: Bright red. Ear lobes: Pure opaque white (resembling white kid) or cream, the former preferred. Legs and feet: Yellow or orange.
(7 ½ lb)
(6-6 ½ lb)
(5 ½ lb)
(4 ½ 5 lb)
SCALE OF POINTS
Red ear-lobes. Any white on face. Legs other than yellow or orange. Side sprigs on comb. Wry or squirrel tail or any bodily deformity. Single combed birds: Male’s comb twisted or falling over. Female’s comb erect. Rose comb birds: Comb other than rose or obstructing the eyesight.